Kırşehir is a province of the Republic of Turkey located in Central Anatolia Region.
It was a sub-district in 1867, a district in 1869 and a sanjak (district) in 1870 and the districts Avanos, Keskin and Mecidiye (Çiçekdagi) were attached to Kırşehir. Avanos, Cicekdagi, Hacıbektaş Mucur districts were attached to Kırşehir which became a province in 1924 following its independent governership in 1921. Kaman which became a district in 1944 was linked to Kirşehir.
Kırşehir's province status was changed to district on 20 July 1954 because it reelected Osman Bölükbaşı for Turkish Grand National Assembly. (Adnan Menderes then Prime Minister spoke on the issue in parliament: 'It is not possible to deny that Kırşehir, which elected a deputy of a political party, in two elections, which does not receive more than 3% in any province of Turkey, shows anomalies in terms of social and political structure. Yes we talk openly.' and in response, Osman Bölükbaşı said: "You have abolished the province. Abolish us and your persecution be completed" .)Nevsehir was made province and Kırşehir was made a district attached to Nevşehir. Çiçekdağı district was attached to Yozgat and Kaman to Ankara, and Hacıbektaş,Mucur and Avanos were attached to Nevsehir.
Kırşehir was made a province on 1 July 1957 by the government of Adnan Menderes again and and Yozgat' Cicekdagi district, Ankara's Kaman district and Nevsehir's Mucur district were included again in Kırsehir province. According to 2010 data from TSI there are 7 districts together with the central district in our province, and 23 towns and 234 villages.
The name Kırşehir
Kırşehir is first referred to by the Hittite period. But it is not yet known what the name of the province was then. It is understood that the province was once known as Aquae Saravenas (Akova - Saravena) (2nd century BC). First called Makissos (Macissus), the city was re-established during the reign of Emperor Justinian (527-568) and started to be called Justinianopolis.
Turks called the city "Kır şehri - Country town" which rises in the middle of the vast moorland. Kır şehri became "Kırşehir" colloquially. Even today, some of the people living in the villages call the town as Kır şehri. Kırşehir is a Turkish name.
When NAO and AO index has positive value winters in Kirşehir are relatively mild and mainly rainy. If AO and NAO have negative values then the winters are cold with a little rain and a precipitation mostly as snow.  Summers are hot and it has a continental climate which is generally dry. Although an increase in summer precipitation has been observed in recent years, Kırşehir has a semi-arid climate according to Thorntwait climate classification. The average annual temperature is 11.3°C in the province, and the average annual rainfall is 415.9 kg/m2.
There is not much difference in terms of the annual average temperature in the province between mountainous and lowland areas. The temperature difference between districts is around 1°C-1.5°C. The average annual temperature is 11.3 ° C in the central district. Kaman, Çiçekdağı, Mucur, Akçakent and Akpınar have average annual temperatures of 10.2°C, 11.7°C, 11.7°C, 9.6°C and 9.9°C, respectively. The temperature difference between Kırşehir and neighbouring provinces is again around 1° C-1.5°C. The average annual temperature in Ankara, Kırıkkale, Nevşehir and Yozgat is 11.8°C, 12.5 °C, 10.5°C and 9.0, respectively.